Eye Anatomy

CORNEA: Transparent front segment of the eye that covers iris, pupil, and anterior chamber, and provides most of an eye's optical power.

PUPIL: Variable-sized, circular opening in center of iris; it appears as a black circle and it regulates the amount of light that enters the eye.

IRIS: Pigmented tissue lying behind cornea that (1) gives color to the eye, and (2) controls amount of light entering the eye by varying size of black pupillary opening; separates the anterior chamber from the posterior chamber.

LENS: Natural lens of eye; transparent intraocular tissue that helps bring rays of light to focus on the retina.

RETINA: Part of the eye that converts images into electrical impulses sent along the optic nerve for transmission back to the brain. Consists of many named layers that include rods and cones.

MACULA: Small, specialized central area of the retina responsible for acute central vision.

VITREOUS: Transparent, colorless, gelatinous mass; fills rear two-thirds of the interior of the eyeball, between the lens and the retina.

OPTIC NERVE: Largest sensory nerve of the eye; carries impulses for sight from retina to brain.



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  • Branson Office
    1000 James F Epps Rd., Ste. 1
    Branson, MO 65616
    Phone: (417) 334-7291
    Fax: (417) 334-6156

    Monday - Thursday 8:00 to 5:30
    Friday 9:00 to 5:00

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  • Forsyth Office
    14974 US Hwy 160, Suite 6
    Forsyth, MO 68553
    Phone: (417) 546-4464
    Fax: (417) 546-4559

    Monday - Thursday 8:00 to 5:00
    Friday 9:00 to 5:00

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  • Ava Office

    Ava Office
    916-A NW 12th Ave.
    Ava, MO 65608
    Phone: (417) 683-3612
    Fax: (417) 683-3999

    Monday - Thursday 8:00 to 5:00
    Friday 9:00 to 5:00

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